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The term “weather” describes short-term meteorological conditions that fluctuate widely and can be difficult to predict. “Climate”, on the other hand, is defined by long-term, conditions that occur over several decades or more. For example, the Mediterranean Coast Network is so named because it has a Mediterranean-type climate characterized by cool, wet winters and hot, dry summers. Plants and animals can adapt to local climatic conditions like average temperature and moisture because they occur over long periods of time and are relatively stable.